Author: Santip Srisuwan, M.D.
Axial CT image shows multiple tubular filling defects (arrows) within the opacified lumen of the small bowel. Note contrast filling within the filling defects.
- Most common helminthic infection (worldwide prevalence 25%)
- Usually asymptomatic.
- Possible symptoms are colicky abdominal pain in adults and growth retardation/intussusception/volvulus in children
- X-ray: usually normal but may present as bowel obstruction (partial or complete), or soft tissue masses
- US: hypo echoic curvilinear tubular structures with well-defined echogenic walls and curling movement of the worm during the exam
- CT: long, thin tubular structure coiled within the small bowel, outlined by oral contrast materials
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