Axial CT image shows perihilar peribronchovascular thickening (arrows) and several small ill-defined nodules in the peribronchovascular distribution.
Axial CT image shows patchy groundglass opacities and consolidation in the right middle and lower lobes.
- Multicentric neoplasm occuring in three distinct clinical settings: classic (middle-aged adults or elderly men with indolent course), endemic (native populations of equatorial Africans) and disseminated forms (AIDS and immunosuppressed recipients of organ transplants)
- Associated with human herpesvirus type 8
- Cutaneous manifestations usually precede visceral disease
- Respiratory disease is a late manifestation of the disease, it can involve trachea, bronchial tree, pleura and lung parenchyma
- Diagnosis of respiratory disease is often made presumptively based on clinical/imaging appearance and exclusion of other entities. Biopsy is most definitive.
- Treatment of pulmonary disease almost always involves chemotherapy
Thoracic Imaging Findings
- Two patterns: interstitial and nodular
- Interstitial pattern -- septal lines, localized/focal consolidations, perihilar distribution, "flame-shaped" opacities
- Nodular pattern -- ill-defined nodules of various sizes that may coalesce into areas of patchy consolidation
- Up to 60% has pleural effusion
- Up to 16% has hilar/mediastinal lymphadenopathy
Our case: Kaposi's sarcoma, biopsy-proven
Humes HD. Kelley's Essentials of Internal Medicine, 2001.
Parsons PE, Heffner JE. Pulmonary/reespiratory Therapy Secrets, 2002.