Fig. 1&2: Ultrasound of the right breast of a 79-year-old woman with a lump shows a mass with a fluid-fluid level (between arrows). The more dependent 'debris' appears to be more echogenic than the non-dependent fluid. There is no color flow within the mass.
Fig. 3: CT scan without IV contrast showed a large mass, again with a fluid-fluid level. The denser portion of the mass measured 60 HU, consistent with blood clot. The scan also revealed a markedly enlarged left atrium. The patient is on anticoagulant therapy for chronic atrial fibrillation.
- Common causes: post procedure (biopsy, surgery), direct trauma, coagulopathy
- Breast hematoma occurs in approximately 2% - 10% after breast surgery
- Risk factors: use of some medications (aspirin, NSAIDs, anticogulants)
- Depends on stage of blood product
- Clotted blood appears echogenic, lysed blood (serum) appears cystic.
- No internal flow